- (II Sam. 24:15 ff.; I Chron. 21:15 ff.). (There is a certain similarity between this transaction and the purchase of the cave of Machpelah by Abraham; Gen. 23.) Solomon built the Temple on this site (II Chron. 3:1). The same verse connects this location with Moriah where the akedah took place (cf. Jos., Ant., 7:333). It may have been public property, and Araunah, as the ex-ruler of the city, was thus entitled to dispose of it. I Chronicles 21:20 possibly speaks of "his (?) four sons." According to rabbinic tradition Araunah's skull was found on the Temple site in the time of Hezekiah (TJ, Pes. 9:1, 36c) or after the return from Babylon (TJ, Sot. 5:4, 20b). According to the Talmud Avodah Zarah 24b, he was a "proselyte of the gate." -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Melamed, in: Tarbiz, 14 (1942/43), 13–14; S. Yeivin, Meḥkarim be-Toledot Yisrael ve-Arẓo (1960), 199–200; Mazar, in: BIES, 13 (1947), 112–3; EM, 1 (1965), 552–3. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: N. Wyatt, in: VT, 40 (1990), 352–60.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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